Learn How Residential Septic And Sewer Systems Work

If you are a first time home owner, then you have a lot of things to learn about that you may have ignored as a renter. One of the areas you want to concern yourself with is the septic or sewer system that's used to carry the waste out of your home. The more you know about the topic, the better of a position you will be in to protect the system and keep it running smoothly.

How septic systems work

Some homes use septic tanks instead of city sewer systems. A septic tank is a large tank that's located in your yard. When you flush, take a short, use the sink, wash clothes or put anything else down the drains will go down into the septic tank. The tank has chemicals and bacterium in it that helps to keep the liquid and sewage in the system balanced, so pressure doesn't build up within the system.

The system will produce strong smelling gases. For this reason, your sinks have pipes under them that are shaped in a "P" pattern. The shape of the pipes keeps water held in place so the gases are kept from coming out the drains. Instead, the gases are released out vents located on the roof.

How to maintain your septic system

There is only so much a septic tank can hold, the exact amount depends on the size of the tank itself. For this reason, you will have to have the septic tank emptied periodically. The amount of water usage in your household can make a big difference in how long you can go before it needs to be emptied, so try to use water sparingly. There is a hole in the ground where a hose will be attached so the sewage can be pumped out of it.

You want to do your best to preserve the healthy balance of chemicals and bacteria by not putting strong chemicals into the tank. This means using mild soaps, detergents and household cleaners. You also want to refrain from flushing anything except toilet paper down the toilet.

Sewer systems

A sewer system is tied into the entire system for the nearby community. Your home's water system will consist of the main water supply line that will bring fresh water into the house and a draining line that will remove the used water from the house, dumping it into the sewer line.

When the wastewater is removed from your home, it will pass through a specialized pipe, known as a drain trap, which keeps the gases from entering the pipes that go into your home. As with the septic systems, vents on the roof allow the gas to escape.

The wastewater that leaves your home will eventually make its way to the local treatment facility where it will be filtered and treated so it becomes safe water again.

Maintaining the sewer system

When your home is on sewer, you want to make sure you don't put items, such as medication or poisons down the drains. Doing so will contribute to drinking water contamination, as well as the contaminants making their way into the ecosystem.

You also want to make sure you keep the vent clean and free of debris that may have flown onto the roof or fallen from nearby, overhanging trees. Birds may also try to build a nest in the vents; having a screen installed around it can help to prevent this.

You may also have a sewage drain located on your property to catch rain water and remove it so it doesn't cause flooding. Check this drain often and make sure you remove anything blocking or clogging it.

Now that you have a better understanding of the way your water is removed from your home, you will have the information you need to keep the system running well. For more information, contact companies like All Clear Pumping & Sewer. 


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